Dehydration - You Must Be Aware

21 August, 2020 Garima Choudhary

Dehydration occurs because you are consuming or losing more fluid than you are getting, and the body has less water and other fluids that it uses. You would be dehydrated if you do not replace a lack of fluids.

Everyone may become dehydrated but for young children and older adults, the condition is extremely dangerous. Extreme diarrhea and vomiting are the most common cause of dehydration in young kids.

Only minor diseases such as lung or bladder infections may lead to dehydration of older adults. 

Dehydration may occur in any age group too, particularly when you are exercising vigorously if you do not drink enough water in warm weather.

Through drinking more water, you will typically reverse mild to moderate dehydration, but severe dehydration needs urgent care.

What Are the Symptoms of Dehydration

Thirst is not always a trustworthy early predictor of body water need. Many people, particularly older adults, are not thirsty before they are dehydrated. Therefore, during hot weather or if you’re ill, it is important to increase water consumption.

Every age can vary in the signs and symptoms of dehydration.

# Child or small child

  • Tongue and dry mouth
  • No weeping tears
  • No 3-hour wet diapers
  • Sunk hair, lips
  • Soft spot on skull Sunken
  • Irritability or listlessness

# Young People

  • Hunger
  • Urination less frequently
  • Colored black urine
  • Tiredness
  • Twilight
  • Muddling

When To Visit A Doctor

Call your family doctor if

  • Has 24 hours or more of diarrhea
  • Sleeps much more or less than normal and becomes irritable or disoriented
  • Can’t just keep fluids down
  • Has stuffed black or bloody

What are the Causes of Dehydration?

Dehydration sometimes happens for simple reasons: you don’t drink enough because you’re sick and busy or because there’s no access to traveling, hiking, or camping to safe drinking water.

Additional causes of dehydration include:

  1. Diarrhea. Severe acute diarrhea — unexpectedly and violently occurring diarrhea — can cause major water loss and electrolytes within a short time. You lose even more nutrients and minerals if you cough along with diarrhea.
  2. Fever. The higher the temperature, the more you get dehydrated. In addition to diarrhea and vomiting, the problem will get worse.
  3. Sweating too much. When you sweat, you lose water. You can become dehydrated when you perform physical workouts, without replacing fluids. Warm and humid weather raises your sweat and your lack of moisture. 
  4. Increased urination. It can be caused by diabetes not treated or uncontrolled. Some medicines, like diuretics and some drugs for blood pressure, can also lead to dehydration, usually because it causes you to urinate more.

Diagnosis of Dehydration

Dehydration can often be diagnosed with physical signs or symptoms by your doctor. In the case of dehydration, your blood pressure is likely to be weak, particularly when you are moving from the lying position to the standing place.

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You may have other tests such as, to confirm the diagnosis and identify the dehydration level:

  1. Testing blood. A number of factors such as electrolyte levels – particularly sodium and potassium – may be checked with blood samples, and your kidneys are working properly.
  2. Urination analysis. Your urinary tests will help demonstrate whether and to what degree you are dehydrated.

Treatment of Dehydration

Dehydration is the most efficient way to replace missing fluids and electrolytes. Dehydration is best treated depending on age, dehydration frequency, and cause.

An over-the-counter oral rehydration solution is available for babies and children who are dehydrated from diarrhea, vomiting or fever. Such solutions contain water and salts to fill fluids and electrolytes in different amounts.

Start by a tablespoon of tea every five minutes (5 milliliters) and increase as tolerated. With very small children, it may be safer to use a syringe. Diluted sports drinks are available for older children. Drink 1 part of the water with a sports drink.

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Some adults with mild to moderate diarrhea, vomiting, or fever dehydration may improve their condition by drinking more water or liquid. Full-fast fruit juice and soft drinks will exacerbate diarrhea.

In the hot or wet weather, cool water is your best bet if you work, or exercise outside. Electrolyte sports drinks and a solution of carbohydrate may be useful as well.

Health workers arriving at an ambulance or in an emergency department must handle children and adults who are seriously dehydrated. Salt and fluids delivered intravenously through the vein are quickly absorbed and recovery is accelerated.

Conclusion

Dehydration causes in children fatigue and grumbling, even the feeling that they are hungry or want something unknown. Dehydration can mean different and more serious side-effects in adults, for example, disappearing or becoming dim when you stand. Dehydration is the toughest way to look at elderly people in my mind. The fluid level of the organism must be filled with dehydration. This can be done by eating clear water, clear broths, frozen water, or ice pops.