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Reproductive Hazards And Its ill-Effects On Both Men And Women?

20 August, 2020 Kritika Tak

Reproductive hazards may be foreign to some of us, but reproductive problems aren’t. An article published by the E Times revealed a hard-hitting reality by stating that 27.5 million couples in India suffer from infertility. We all know, reproductive problems have become a global health issue. But, do we know reproductive hazards is one of it’s triggering points and plays a significant role in worsening the situation. So, what are reproductive hazards?

What are the reproductive hazards?

All those substances that influence and degrade the reproductive health of both men and women are known as reproductive hazards. Hence, it reduces the chances of a couple of giving birth to a healthy baby or not conceiving at all (infertility). The University of North Carolina even stated that these substances also cause chromosomal damages to the body. Let’s learn more about these substances,

What are these hazardous substances?

These substances are of three types - physical, biological, and chemical. Some of those are - 

  • Metals like - lead and mercury 
  • Chemicals like - pesticides
  • Radiations 
  • Several viruses
  • Alcohol
  • All kind of drugs
  • Substances found in cigarettes 

People working in factories (esp. chemical) are at a higher risk?

Yes, there are a lot of chemical substances apart from lead and mercury which, are dangerous for a human body. Plus, factory workers getting exposed to these substances hold a higher risk. As mentioned above The University of North Carolina listed these substances. these are -

  • 1,3-Butadiene

  • Arsenic
  • Benzene
  • Cadmium
  • Carbon disulfide
  • Dibromochoropropane
  • Ethylene dibromide
  • Ethylene glycol monomethyl (and ethyl) ethers
  • Ethylene oxide
  • Ethylene thiourea
  • Fluorouracil (5-FU)
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Polychlorinated  bisphenols (PCBs)
  • Tamoxifen
  • Toluene
  • Urethane

What are the various factors associated with it?

Primarily, there are various other factors when it comes to the substances causing reproductive hazards, including - 

  • How long one is, exposed to that substance?
  • What is that substance?
  • How did it get into the body?
  • How is the body reacting to it?
  • How frequently is one exposed to it?

How reproductive hazards affect women?

Depending upon the nature of the substance, women’s reproductive system, and ultimately, affecting the health and wellbeing of the women’s body and the fetus. The various ill-effects of it, include -

  • Increases the risk of infertility or makes one completely infertile.
  • Disturbs the menstrual cycle
  • Causes complications during pregnancy 
  • Miscarriages (when exposed in the first, three months)
  • Slow growth in the fetus (when exposed in last, six months)
  • Affects the formation of fetus’s brain 
  • Exposure increases the risk of preterm labor.

If you are exposed to any of those substances and feel any of the mentioned changes in your body, then you should consult a doctor. Women esp. during pregnancy should take extra care of her self and her health. In case you want any of your medicines at doorstep, then visit 3MEDS Best Chemist Shop in Delhi, India.

How reproductive hazards affect men?

Not only women, men, and their reproductive organs undergo a lot of changes too, and there are various malfunctions seen in those parts. Some of them include - 

  • Erectile dysfunction 
  • Lower ejaculation quality 
  • Low sperm count 
  • Fluctuations in hormones
  • Abnormal sperm shape
  • Changes in sperm genetics or sperm’s DNA
  • Drop in the amount of semen
  • Presence of chemicals in semen
  • Lower sex drive
  • Lower penis sensitivity 

Do consult your doctor, in case you have any of the above symptoms.

Are there any preventive measures?

There is no cure for reproductive hazards. We should take care of ourselves and try our best to dodge this bullet. Some of the preventive measures are -

  • Take care and follow all the safety procedures, if working in any of those places which are potentially dangerous to one’s health.
  • Try and quit smoking.
  • Maintain personal cleanliness.
  • Make sure all the food items you are cooking or consuming are safe to eat and don’t have hazardous pesticides in it.
  • Reduce the consumption of alcohol and in the case of pregnant women, totally shun all those alcoholic drinks.
  • Stop using all or any drugs.


Try your best to avoid reproductive hazards, as every couple and their family, even their respective health care provider aims and wishes for a healthy child and bringing that new life in this world without any complications. And when in need of any medical help, visit 3MEDS Online pharmacy medicine retail store in Delhi.

Take Care 
Be Healthy!