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Anorexia Nervosa: About, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention

20 August, 2020 Sneha Lokwani

Being worried about weight gain and being obsessive about your weight are way too different things. Being worried is normal, but getting obsessive about your weight is the condition called Anorexia Nervosa, which can result in extreme weight loss. In this blog, we will discuss all this condition. 

Causes Of Anorexia Nervosa

There is no such cause known of this condition. But here are some ruled out causes 

  • Environmental factors
  1. Negative influence of models for having a perfect figure. 
  2. Pressure from society to look thin. 
  3. Peer pressure, especially during teenage. 
  • Psychological factors
  1. Depression
  2. Anxiety
  3. Negative self-image
  4. Stress
  5. Obsessive behavior
  • Biological Factors
  1. Genetic problem
  2. Hormonal problem
  3. Serotonin and anorexia have a connection 
  4. Transition in lifestyle

Symptoms Of Anorexia Nervosa

  • Thin appearance
  • Loss of bone density
  • Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat
  • Abnormal blood counts
  • Self-induced vomiting to get rid of food
  • Swollen hands and feet
  • Tiredness
  • Exercising excessively
  • Insomnia
  • Not wanting to eat in public
  • Brittle nails
  • Dizziness 
  • Social withdrawal
  • Bluish discoloration of the fingers
  • Fear of gaining weight 
  • Extreme hair-fall
  • Lack of emotions
  • Soft, downy hair covering the body
  • Reduce sex drive
  • Abnormal Or no menstruation
  • Memory loss
  • Constipation 
  • Irritability
  • Yellowish skin
  • Obsessive behavior with calories
  • Intolerance of cold
  • Depression
  • Abdominal pain
  • Irregular heartbeat 
  • Drop-in blood pressure
  • Dehydration
  • Swelling of arms or legs
  • Vomiting
  • Extreme weight loss
  • Restricting food intake through dieting or fasting

Other Complications Due To Anorexia Nervosa

  • Osteoporosis
  • Heart problems 
  • Leukopenia
  • Personality disorders
  • Anemia
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • In males, decrease sex hormone that is testosterone
  • Hormonal problems 
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Electrolyte problems
  • Kidney damage

Diagnosis Of Anorexia Nervosa

If you think that you or someone close to you might have a majority of the above symptoms, visit your doctor immediately. He'll ask you questions about your symptoms, medical history, family history. He might do the following test, 

  • Physical examination: Check your blood pressure, height, weight, heartbeat. 

  • Psychological evaluation: Doctor or specialist will ask you about how your feel, about your eating habits, your view on your appearance, which will be easy for them to figure out if you're having any eating disorders. 
  • Lab tests: Blood tests, electrolyte tests, urinary tests. This will help them to know total blood count, electrolyte count and if you're having any thyroid, kidney-related problems. 
  • X-ray: To check your bone density, muscle mass, and weakness
  • ECG: To check if there are any abnormalities with your heartbeat. 

Treatment Of Anorexia Nervosa

If you're diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, there are many treatments, the doctor will do the treatment based on the severity of symptoms. 

  • Medications: There are no as such medications for this condition, he might give you antidepressant to get you out of that zone and help you to feel better. Buy medicines online at 3MEDS and get a 23% discount on genuine medicines and all healthcare products. 

  • Diet chart: He'll give you a diet chart to follow and will plan according to you, to help you achieve your calorie goal. 
  • Psychotherapy: He'll suggest you to take some sessions with a specialist, individual or a family session, however you're comfortable with. 
  • Hospitalization: If your condition is worse, that you're in immediate danger due to depression or because if some medical condition, an immediate medical emergency is needed.

Prevention Of Anorexia Nervosa

There is no such prevention of anorexia because no one knows the exact cause of why it happens in the first place. But if you think you or anyone around you are having any such symptoms which are mentioned above, visit your doctor immediately. As early treatment can be cured easily. 

Seek medical attention on time, the doctor may prescribe you some appetite medications. He'll also give you multivitamin, electrolyte medications. Buy medicines from, 3MEDS Best Indian Pharmacy Store Delhi.