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What Are Yeast Infections? Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

18 August, 2020 Manisha Ailneni

Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the yeast which results in itchiness, swelling, irritation, and disturbs your daily life. This infection is also known as Candidiasis. When there is an imbalance in the bacteria and yeast inside of the body, yeast cells multiply and grow uncontrollably, causing yeast infections.

Vaginal yeast infection is a very common disease in women. But men and babies can also be affected by this. Approximately 75% of women are dealing with yeast infections at least once in their lifetime.

Yeast infections can be considered as sexually transmitted infections (STI) because sexual interaction can spread yeast infection. However, women who are not sexually active will also develop this. Yeast infections can be treated by medicines and ointments. You can visit 3MEDS, which is an online pharmacy store in India to purchase the medicines and OTC ointments.

Yeast infection causes:

The main reason for developing yeast infections is the abnormal growth of yeast cells. Usually, there are some good bacteria and yeast in the vaginal area. The candida or fungus is regulated by the good bacteria called lactobacillus. When there is an imbalance in the system, the bacteria fail to control the fungus. This leads to an overgrowth of fungus or yeast cells and causes yeast infections.

Yeast infections are most common in the vaginal area. But they can also form in other regions in the body like mouth, armpits, genitals, etc. The causes which can lead to a yeast infection are,

Overconsumption of antibiotics: Antibiotics are useful to maintain good health. They help in treating the diseases which are caused by bacteria by killing and controlling the bacteria. When there is overconsumption or long term usage of antibiotics, the good bacteria will also be reduced. When the fungus controlling good bacteria is reduced, the fungus or yeast divides rapidly and forms more cells. This condition can lead to a yeast infection.

Pregnancy: Women undergo various changes in the body during pregnancy. The hormone imbalance will take place, which disrupts the pH balance in the vagina. The rise in estrogen levels increases the growth of yeast and leads to yeast infections.

Poor eating habits: The food we take can help in developing yeast infections. If you include a lot of sugar in your diet, you may develop this condition because yeast loves sugar. Foods or drinks fermented with yeast can develop yeast infections.

Uncontrolled diabetes: If you are diabetic and not taking the medicines regularly or not following a proper diet, there are chances of being affected. If the diabetes is not controlled, there will be fluctuation in sugar levels. When the sugar level becomes high, a yeast infection may develop.

Weak immune system: Immune system helps to fight the disease-causing virus or bacteria in the body. When the immune system is weak, we are prone to develop various ailments. The immune system can help in fighting back the overgrown yeast. If it is weak, the yeast infection may continue to develop.

Yeast infection symptoms:

Yeast infection symptoms in the vagina,

  • White or yellow discharge from the vagina
  • Itching and redness
  • Swelling around the vagina
  • Rashes and pain during sex
  • Soreness or tears on the vagina
  • Whitish gray and clumpy discharge

Symptoms of yeast infection in the mouth,

  • White patches on the tongue, inside of cheeks, top of the mouth

  • Pain and redness
  • Cracks or tiny cuts at the corners of the mouth

Symptoms of yeast infection on nails,

  • Swelling

  • Pain and having pus
  • White or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed

Symptoms of yeast infection on the penis,

  • Redness on the head of the penis

  • Scaling or painful rashes
  • Discharges look like cottage cheese

Yeast infection treatment:

The doctors may prescribe some medicines, creams, or ointments to treat yeast infections. The treatment will be given based on the severity of the infection. Usually, these infections are treated and can be cured effectively within a week. Anti-fungal medicines are recommended to treat this condition. Some of the antifungal medicines are,

  • Miconazole
  • Terconazole
  • Fluconazole
  • Clotrimazole
  • Butoconazole

These medicines, creams, and ointments are available over-the-counter by prescription from a doctor. You can buy prescription drugs online in India at affordable prices to reduce the efforts of going outside and visiting nearby medical shops.

Yeast infections in men:

The infections may develop in men also. The main reason for men to develop this condition is, having unprotected sex with a person who has yeast infection previously. This condition is known as Penile yeast infection. The groin area is more affected due to skin folds and moisture.

Yeast infection in babies:

Babies can also develop yeast infections. The common infection in babies is diaper rash. If the baby's skin is red and has spots on the diaper area, then it is important to consult the doctor and check for yeast infection. If the baby has an oral infection, the oral medication will be given.

Yeast infection prevention:

  • Avoid yeast fermented foods and drinks.
  • Reduce the intake of high sugar foods like rice and white flour.
  • Good genital hygiene is one of the best ways to prevent yeast infection
  • Avoid wearing tight clothes, swimsuits, and tight underwear. It is advised to wear cotton underwear to keep the area dry.
  • Change tampons regularly.
  • Avoid douching. Because perfumed sprays or powders may lead to infection.
  • Take probiotic supplements to maintain good bacteria in the body. “Yogurt” is the best choice to maintain the bacteria and keeps you away from yeast infection.

Yeast infection is one of the common diseases. Vaginal yeast infections are more common in women while men are rarely affected. It is recommended to consult your doctor if you have severe symptoms and follow medication regularly. It can be treated effectively by following prescribed medicines. You can depend on 3MEDS to order medicine online in India, which is the best medicine app in Delhi.

However, yeast infections can be completely prevented. As we know, “prevention is better than cure”, let us prevent yeast infections by following some simple steps like, maintaining hygiene, avoiding yeast fermented foods and high-sugar foods, etc.