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Bladder Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

17 August, 2020 Prashant Chavan

Bladder cancer is a common cancer that starts to develop in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ above the pelvis which flushes out urine waste produced by the kidneys. The urine waste from the kidney travels through the tubes called ureters tube and reaches bladder which further travels to the urethra. The tissues store or control the urine are called the urothelium or transitional epithelium. According to the health official's research data per year 275000 cases of bladder cancer occurs.

What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer is a chronic disease that affects the store and control of waste urine. The bladder manages the time and frequency of urine flushing out-of-body. The tissues start to develop cancer cells in the bladder part of the body. These cancer cells start to attack normal immune cells in the tissues of the bladder and increase the cancer cells. After the abnormal cancer cells outgrown the normal cells, it creates a cluster called tumor in the bladder. This tumor spread deeper into the tissues of the bladder which affect the process of flushing waste urine out-of-body. It damages the wall of the bladder and function of the urinary tract.

Causes of Bladder Cancer

The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown but it happens when the abnormal cancer cells grow uncontrollably in multiples in a shorter time and invade the tissues of the bladder. 

Smoking of cigarettes and tobacco-containing products can develop the mutations in cells of the bladder which creates an environment for the growth of cancer cells in the bladder. People who smoke are at the risk of three times more likely to develop bladder cancer than the people who don't smoke.

Another factor that develops bladder cancer is the growing age. The people who are over 55 years of age are at risk of developing bladder cancer. The growing age weakens the immune system of the body which is incapable of fighting with cancer cells.

The people working in factories where they get exposed to toxic chemicals used in printing, painting, machine operations, etc can cause to develop bladder cancer cells.

The arsenic and amine chemicals in drinking water can cause mutations in the body. The longer period exposure of chemicals in body is one of the main causes that lead to cancer.

The history of the family diagnosed with bladder cancer can also pass this cancer to their future generations. The people who have done cancer treatments in the past can also develop the cancer cells in the bladder tissues.

Stages of Bladder Cancer

Stage 0 or A
In this stage, the cancer is spread only in the lining tissue of bladder which is not spread in bladder walls and the tumor is flatter.

Stage 1: The tumor in this stage is spread in the lining of the bladder but unable to grow deep into the muscles of the bladder.

Stage 2: The cancer tumor invades and spread in the muscle layer of a bladder.

Stage 3: The tumor is grown in the muscles and may have spread to the other organs and lymph nodes surrounded by a bladder.

Stage 4: This is a serious stage of cancer in which the tumor is spread into the walls of the abdomen and pelvis, distant organs such as the liver, lungs, prostate gland, vagina, uterus.

Symptoms of Bladder Cancer: 

To detect the bladder cancer symptoms sometimes get difficult as they can be similar to another acute condition. The primary symptoms can be seen in the person affected by bladder cancer are as follows.

  • Dark color Urine
  • Blood in Urine
  • Feeling an urgent need to urine
  • Difficulty controlling urine
  • Pain while urinating
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Straining to Urinate
  • Frequent back pain on one side

If you frequently see these symptoms then it is needed to consult a doctor to avoid further complications. To buy cancer medicines in affordable prices and need delivery in 24 hours, 3Meds is the best cancer medicine provider in Delhi, India.

Complications and Risk Factors of Bladder Cancer

The bladder cancer can spread to other organs also which increases the risk and complications of bladder cancer. The other organs in which bladder cancer spreads are as follows.

Exposure to chemicals

The cancer spread in the lymph nodes of the pelvis

  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Bones
  • Anemia
  • Swelling of ureters
     

Treatment of Bladder Cancer

The symptoms seen in the person can require certain tests to confirm the presence of a tumor in the bladder. The MRI and CT scan, cystoscopy, urinalysis test will confirm the stage and condition of the tumor present in the bladder. Based upon the stage of bladder cancer and overall health, the treatments are dependent.

Surgery is required for stages 0 and 1 which removes the tumor without affecting and removing the bladder. The surgery can also be done in stages 2 and 3 to remove the entire bladder and nearby lymph nodes.

Chemotherapy is used for all the stages depending upon the stages. In the early stages, it can be used to remove the specific parts where tumors occurred. For the last stages, it is used with surgery to remove the tumor and avoid returning to cancer in the future.

Immunotherapy is used to trigger the immune system to attack and kills the cancer cells in the bladder. The bacilli Calmette-Guerin vaccine (BCG) vaccine is used in immunotherapy to treat bladder cancer. The medicines such as oxybutynin, tolterodine, trospium, myrbetriq, botox, imipramine, duloxetine can be prescribed by the doctor. To order cancer medicines online in Delhi, 3Meds is the best online pharmacy in Delhi.

Bladder Cancer can be triggered by smoking, exposure to chemicals. So, in order to avoid diagnosing bladder cancer, we should be away from toxic chemicals and substances. A healthy diet with exercise like yoga, meditation helps to improve the immune system which can fight with the infection and avoid complications as we know that prevention is better than cure. To buy generic anti-cancer medicines at low cost in Delhi, 3Meds is the best online medical store that provides and supplies the medicines at affordable prices.