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Bronchitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

11 August, 2020 Richa Tiwary

Is cough keeping you up at night? Do you often feel soreness in your chest and get/feel tired easily? You could have a chest cold also known as acute bronchitis. Cough and cold is a normal condition that often is associated with the change in the weather and other infections that spread at some particular times in a year. It usually lasts for 3-5 days and goes away. But if someone is facing this condition for a long time, then it becomes a matter of concern. 

A chest cold occurs due to the swelling in the airways of the lungs and mucus is produced inside the lungs. That mucus is the reason why cough occurs. Chest cold, often known as acute bronchitis lasts for up to 3 weeks and is the most common type of bronchitis.

3MEDS, one of the top online pharmacy India brings you an insight into this disease. We will cover whatever you need to know about Bronchitis.

What is Bronchitis?

Inflammation of the lining in the bronchial tubes whose work is to carry air to and from the lungs is known as Bronchitis. People who suffer from bronchitis usually cough up thick mucus, which can be discolored. Bronchitis is either acute or chronic. It usually develops from cold or other respiratory infection. The most common bronchitis is of acute type. 

Chronic bronchitis is a more serious condition comparing to acute in which there is a constant irritation or inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, often due to smoking.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Bronchitis?

Acute bronchitis also known as a chest cold, normally shows improvement within a week to 10 days without lasting effects, but the cough can last long to some more weeks. 

However, if you have repeated sessions of bronchitis, you may have chronic bronchitis, which requires medical attention. In Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis is a marked condition.

What are the Causes of Bronchitis?

The main causes of acute bronchitis are ordinarily caused by viruses, typically the same viruses that cause colds and flu (influenza). 

The most prevalent cause of chronic bronchitis is smoking cigarettes. Air pollution and dust or toxic gases in the environment or workplace also worsen the condition.

Antibiotics do not kill viruses, so this type of medication is not useful in most cases of bronchitis.

Risk Factors:

Factors contributing to the increased risk of bronchitis include:

  • Cigarette smoke: People who are chain smokers or people who live with people who smoke a lot are at a high risk of both acute and chronic bronchitis.

  • Low resistance: This condition can result from another acute illness, such as a cold, or from a chronic condition that compromises your immune system. Older people, infants, and young children have a greater vulnerability to infection.
     
  • Exposure to irritants on the job: People who work around certain lung irritants, such as grains, textiles, etc, and people who work in the chemical factory are at a very high risk of developing bronchitis.
     
  • Gastric reflux: Repeated rounds of severe heartburn can irritate your throat and make you more prone to developing bronchitis.

Complications:

Despite the fact that a single round of bronchitis usually doesn’t cause for concern, it can lead to pneumonia in some people. But the repetition of bouts of bronchitis, however, may mean that you have the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Prevention:

For reducing the risk of bronchitis, follow these tips:

  • Avoid smoking cigarettes: Smoking cigarettes increases your risk of chronic bronchitis.
     
  • Get vaccinated: Mostly cases of acute bronchitis arrived from influenza, a virus. To protect yourself from caught by the flu, getting a yearly flu vaccine will help. You can also take into consideration the vaccination that protects against some types of pneumonia.
     
  • Wash your hands: To reduce your risk of catching a viral infection, make it a habit to wash your hands frequently, and get in the habit of using alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
     
  • Wear a surgical mask: If you have suffered or are suffering from COPD, you must consider wearing a face mask at work if you’re exposed to dust or fumes, and when you’re going to be among crowds, such as while traveling.

Though antibiotics don’t work in case of infections caused by a virus, still in some minor infections, you can consult your doctor for some generic medications. Buy online medicine in Delhi, at a discount of 23% on all genuine antibiotics from verified companies.