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Allergy Causes, Types, Symptoms and Medicine

11 August, 2020 Riya Vaja

Allergy is a condition whereby the body gives abnormal or unusual reactions to certain substances. These substances are called allergens. In most cases, it is not a life-threatening disease but can leave serious implications on your body and health. It is the way our immune system communicates a strong dislike of something. It is a person-oriented condition and can vary accordingly in different individuals.

Types :

There are a number of allergies found in people. The most common types are classified into Food, respiratory, seasonal, or skin Allergy. Symptoms for allergies can appear or immediately or take time to show.

Food Allergy -

These types of allergies occur after the intake of certain food items. Your body's immune system misunderstands it as harmful and also releases chemicals such as histamine which may cause inflammation. Some common food allergy could be:-

  • Cow's milk allergy:- This type of allergy is usually to babies and very rarely to adults. People with such milk allergy can also be allergic to the milk of other animals like a goat, buffalo, or a sheep. The symptoms after consumption could include swelling of the face, Continous coughing, vomiting, rashes, itchiness of the skin.

  • Egg Allergy:- Alpha-livetin, a substance found in egg yolks, is the main allergen in people. Symptoms include skin inflammation or hives, nasal congestion, cramps, nausea, vomiting, coughing, etc. Individuals with egg allergy can experience similar reactions when they eat chicken because the yolk protein is also found in live birds.

  • Peanut Allergy:- It is a type of tree nut allergy which can cause severe fatal allergic reactions. Symptoms may include tightening of the throat, shortness of breath, runny nose, diarrhea, or stomach cramps.

Some other potential food allergies may include shellfish allergy, soy allergy, fish allergy, and wheat allergy. There is no said treatment that can completely make you do away with such an allergy. The best treatment for such allergies would be antihistamine and to stay away from the foods that cause reactions. Search medical store near me with home delivery, by 3MEDS, the leading online pharmacy in India for exciting offers on medicines.

Respiratory Allergy -

The proteins in the air inhaled by us trigger airway inflammation causing respiratory allergies. It mostly affects the nasal passage and the lungs. Some common types of respiratory allergy may include:-

  • Dust Allergy:- It is an allergy reaction to the tiny bugs that are present in the house dust. It may cause squeezing, running nose, facial pressure, and pain, cough, itchy, red or watery eyes, etc.

  • Mold allergy:- People with mold allergy tend to have dry, scaly skin, postnasal drips, runny or stuffy nose, etc.

  • Hay Fever:- They are also called allergic rhinitis. It is caused by allergens such as pollen grains, dust mites, etc. Symptoms can include headache, loss of smell, earache, blocked nose, pain around your temples, etc.

Other respiratory allergies include pet allergies, like those from dogs or cats. It is an allergy reaction to the proteins in the animal skin cells, saliva, or urine. Recommended Medications related to respiratory allergies like dust and hay fever are loratadine (Claritin, Alavert), cetirizine, fexofenadine, and antihistamine nasal sprays. For pet allergy, medicines such as mometasone furoate, triamcinolone, ciclesonide, and fluticasone propionate are suggested.

Seasonal Allergy -

As its name says, these allergies happen seasonally. Some people are prone to getting certain allergies during winter, fall, or summer. Below is a brief about each type of seasonal allergies:-

  • Spring Allergy - Spring resembles flowers and blooming trees. It is indeed a beautiful season but it may create problems for people who get frequent sneezing, coughing congestion, or runny nose as these may signify a spring allergy.

  • Winter Allergy - There are 3 main allergens that you may come across in winters i.e., House dust mites, animal dander, and cockroach droppings. You may experience normal symptoms like sneezing, stuffy nose, itchy eyes, nose, and throat.

  • Summer Allergy - Allergy in summers is usually caused by pollen from grass, mold spores, and stinging insects. The symptoms may include dark circles under your eye, watery eyes, runny nose, itchiness, etc.

The medication for Seasonal allergies includes oral antihistamines like loratadine, cetirizine, and fexofenadine which helps relieve sneezing, itching, runny nose, etc.

Skin Allergy -

If you frequently notice red, itchy rashes on your skin, it can be due to a certain type of skin allergy. There can be various factors affecting it like immune system disorders, infections, or wrong medication. Some common types of skin allergies are:-

  • Contact dermatitis - It contains allergens such as nickel or a chemical that may be in a soap, lotion or sunscreen. It can cause you redness, swelling, burning, skin bumps, rashes, and scaly patches on the skin.

  • Hives - Also known as urticaria, hives can cause swollen, pale red bumps or plaques on the skin that can appear suddenly. The reason is still unknown as to why this happens.

  • Eczema - Our immune system fights any infection or bacteria that comes from outside. In Eczema, it is unable to differentiate between the body's good bacteria and outside harmful bacteria. As a result, It Goes against our body and causes dry, itchy, rough, flakey, inflamed, and irritated skin.

Doctors may prescribe you corticosteroid cream for severe itching along with an oral antihistamine. Other medications include steroids, vasoconstrictor, anti-inflammatory drugs, and topical antiseptic.

Conclusion -

Consult a doctor if the symptoms persist for more than 2 weeks. To buy medicines online, visit the best medicine app in India. The above-mentioned medicines are not harmful but it's advisable to consult a doctor if they cause any sort of reaction.

Hope you liked this article and it helped you.

Sending lots of love and positivity!