• Home
  • Blog
  • TMJ disorder or Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

TMJ disorder or Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

07 August, 2020 Ayesha Khanam

Overview:

The temporomandibular (tem-puh-roe-man-DIB-u-lur) joint disorder (TMJ) is a medical condition where the temporomandibular joint is affected. Which is located on each side of the human head in front of the ears there are two joints, one joint each side of the jaw. TMJ act like a sliding pivot, connecting to your jawbone to your skull. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) helps us to talk, chew, and yawn. it makes us move our jaw up and down. TMJ disorder is a type of disorder that causes pain in your jaw joint and in the muscle that controls the jaw joint movement.

Causes of TMJ Disorder:

The exact cause of a person's TMJ is difficult to determine because there is no exact cause for TMJ disorder.

There can be some causes that are responsible for TMJ disorder include:

  • Injury to your jaw joints or muscles of your neck.Clenching or grinding teeth, which puts lots of pressure on the TMJ
  •  Stress which can also cause you to tighten facial and jaw muscles and creates a tension in the muscles which put lots of pressure on the joint
  •  Maybe the joint cartilage is damaged by arthritis

Symptoms: 

There some symptoms of TMJ disorder which include:

  •  difficulties in chewing, or pain while chewing, talking and yawning.
  •  Pain and tenderness in jaw joint
  •  Pain in the temporomandibular joint.
  •  Aching pain in ears
  • Pain in neck and shoulder
  •  The tired feeling of face
  •  Swelling on the side of the face

TMJ disorder can also cause the sound of clicking or grating sensation when you open your mouth or chew food. You may also have a toothache, headache, hearing problem, dizziness.

Diagnosis of TMJ Disorder:

Your dentist will examine your jaw and will discuss with you which may include:

  •  See and listen to your jaw when you open or close your mouth
  •  Press on the area of your jaw to check and identify sites of pain and discomfort.

If your doctor suspects any problem regarding your TMJ then you may need to:

  •  X-rays of your teeth and jaw
  • CT scan of the joint to check the images of the bones which are involved
  •  TMJ arthroscopy is sometimes used to exam the TMJ disorder

Treatment:

There are things you can do by yourself to relieve the TMJ symptoms.

  •  Eat soft foods: Try to eat foods like mashed potatoes, scrambled eggs, curd, milk, fish, soup, juice. Cut small pieces of fruits and vegetables so that can eat it easily without pain in your jaw.

  • Use hot bags: Apply light hot bag on the side of the face and neck for about 10 minutes to get relief from the ache.

  • Avoid larger jaw movements: Avoid the extreme movement during chewing and yawning.

  •  Relaxation techniques: Do some relaxing massage for your jaws to release the tension of the Temporomandibular Joint.

Medications:

these medications may help you to relief from the pain of TMJ disorder:

Non-surgical treatment

  • Pain relievers and anti-inflammatories: If the over-the-counter pain killers can't relieve your pain then your doctor will prescribe stronger pain relievers for a specific time such as ibuprofen which you can easily buy from 3MEDS the best online chemist shop in Delhi.
     
  • Tricyclic antidepressants: These medicines like amitriptyline are mostly used for depression but in low doses, it can be used for treating pain and sleeplessness.

Therapies:

  • Oral splints or mouth guards (occlusal appliances): these are very helpful in TMJ disorder. People with jaw pain will benefit from wearing a firm device inserted over teeth. Splints are beneficial for recovering from TMJ disorder but the reason is people are not well understood about this.

  •  Physical exercise: To strengthen jaw muscles it is advisable to stretch after applying moist heat or and ice.
     
  • Counseling: Education and counseling about TMJ disorder help you to understands the symptoms and behavior that may aggravate your pain and stress.

Surgical and Other Methods:

When the other methods don't work you doctor may suggest these methods:

  •  Arthrocentesis: 

    Arthrocentesis is a clinical procedure that minimally invasive technique that involves the insertion if a small syringe into the joint so that the fluid can be soaked into the joint to remove debris and inflammatory byproducts.
     
  •  Injections:

    Corticosteroid injections into the joint can be helpful in some people. Injecting botulinum toxin type A (Botox, others) into the jaw muscle may relieve the pain.
     
  •  TMJ arthroscopy: 

    In some cases, arthroscopy surgery can help treat various types of TMJ disorders as open-joint surgery.
     
  •  Modified condyloma:

    It is an indirect method of treating TMJ disorder in which the surgery is done on the mandible instead of the joint itself. It may help in treating pain.

Outlook:

TMJ disorders are painful but not often serious and can be treated which generally pass in a few months. In some cases, however, TMJ disorders will be serious and can be long-lasting. So, when you find any signs of this TMJ disorder diagnosis and treatment must be sought as soon as possible to resolve the condition. Choose the best healthcare service provider to take medications and buy genuine medicines at exciting offers, go and grab them from 3MEDS the best online pharmacy in India.