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Celiac Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

31 July, 2020 Prashant Chavan

The Modern lifestyle is lowering the focus of people on their health and making the body vulnerable to various diseases. As technological innovations are increasing the new types of chronic diseases, infections are also increasing. In this rapid modern lifestyle, people are forgetting that the most important asset of the human is their health. If proper care of health in teenage and adult age is not done then it can affect the future when we are old. Factors such as food, exercise, mental health are also important to keep our health strong. If we take proper care of our important asset we can sustain life in the modern lifestyle with less prone to diseases.

What is Celiac Disease?

Celiac is a chronic disease that causes the immune system to damage the small intestine and disturb the digestion process of our body. It is a digestive disorder that can cause inflammation to the small intestine. It occurs when the body is incapable to ingestion of gluten element. Gluten is a type of protein mainly found in wheat, oats, barley, rye, etc. When the body is not able to break down the gluten or does not able to absorb it stays in a small intestine. The immune system creates antibodies to break the gluten because of which our immune system damages the villi which are a small finger-like projection made up of cells in the small intestine.

Villi are responsible for the proper absorption of nutrients from the food but when the immune system antibodies destroy the villi and damage the internal wall of the small intestine. Due to damage to the small intestine, the proper absorption of food gets affected which can lead to several complications. This inability of the small intestine to absorb the food is celiac disease. Generally, kids are affected by the disease but it can happen at any age.   

Causes of Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is a hereditary disease that can pass it to their children. The possibility to get the disease is in the middle infancy between 6 months to 2 years of old children. It can also develop at a later age but the chances are lower. 1 out of 10 people have chances to diagnose celiac disease if they have a family history of celiac disease.

It causes due to the overreaction of the immune system to the protein called gluten which damages the villi. It damages the small intestine as proper absorption of food is affected. The food containing gluten can cause celiac disease.

People diagnosed with diseases like type 1 diabetes, thyroid disease, Addison disease, microscopic colitis, and Down syndrome can develop celiac disease as they are autoimmune disorder types.

Celiac disease can also have developed after childbirth, surgery, viral infections, stress, and pregnancy. The improper feeding of infants, gastrointestinal infections, or gut bacteria can cause celiac disease. 

These all factors can cause the problem to break down the gluten which can later damage the small intestine. 

Symptoms of Celiac Disease

The symptoms of the celiac disease appear slowly. It will take years in adults to develop the celiac condition. The symptoms are mostly related to digestive issues.

Diarrhea

Bloating and Gas

Frequent Constipation

Abdominal pain for a longer period

Fatigue and Weight loss

Nausea and Vomiting
 

Other than digestive and stomach related problem the celiac disease symptoms are

Iron-deficiency Anemia

Loss of Bone density 

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Migraine and Depression 

Mouth ulcers and Skin issues

Infertility, miscarriage, and early menopause in female

These are the common symptoms that will occur if a person develops the celiac disease. At first, the doctor will prescribe for some multivitamins and supplement medicines to diagnose the disease based on symptoms. To buy medicines search for a buy medicine prescription online.

Treatment of Celiac Disease

The diagnosis of celiac disease is done by blood test reports containing antibodies that are damaging the small intestine.

The treatment of celiac disease is currently not available as it is the internal immune system creation condition. The only treatment for it is to eat a gluten-free diet. The diet does not consist of wheat, barley, bran, rye, oats, and products containing wheat such as bread, cookies, cakes, etc.

The gluten-free diet will help to heal small intestines and help villi to absorb the nutrients from the food which will take care of proper digestion of food. Following a permanently gluten-free diet will avoid further complications.

The phase 2 clinical trial of treatment for celiac disease is done in northwestern medicine school in October 2019. The technology is developed to induce immune system tolerance to gluten. Further clinical trials will decide the effectiveness of it.

The celiac disease affects the absorption of nutrients from food and damages the small intestines which increases the furthermore complications. The proper gluten-free diet is the only treatment available to reduce the complications. The foods such as beans, lentils, dairy products, starchy vegetables, quinoa, rice, etc are gluten-free. The multivitamins and supplements will help to avoid Vitamin D, Iron, Calcium, Zinc deficiencies. 3Meds is one of the best online medicine apps in India to buy medicines and healthcare products