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Types of Hernia – Treatment And Prevention

31 July, 2020 Anugraha Iyer

A hernia is a health condition where an organ or a fatty tissue which wrings through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle called fascia, this is a weakness in the abdominal muscle wall, which normally holds the lining of the abdomen, This weakness is what allows the inner lining to form a pouch, so he muscle from the outside if you see a bulge it is probably the loop of muscle protruding through the torn muscle and into the pouch.

What Causes Hernia? 

The hernia is usually caused by pressure and weakness of muscle, the pressure pushes out the organ or tissue through the tear of the muscle which is the weak spot there is a common myth that herniae are only caused due to lifting heavy weights, this is not entirely true, sometimes heavy weight lifting causes heavy pressure which might lead to the tearing of the muscle, in some cases the muscle weakness is present at the time of birth or later in life, reach out to the best healthcare provider in India, who provides you with verified authentic medicines 24/7 without any hassle. Anything that causes heavy pressure in the abdomen or the region nearby can possibly cause a hernia, which includes:

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Persistent Cough
  • Heavy Sneezing
  • Obesity
  • Poor Nutrition
  • Smoking  

Types of hernia:

The most common types of hernia include:

Inguinal Hernia:

An inguinal hernia is a condition where a portion of our intestine bulges through the stomach wall; this usually goes through the canal which is exactly located in the region of the groin. Inguinal hernia contains a smaller portion of the small intestine and sometimes parts of female reproductive parts in some cases, It is said that this type of hernia usually occurs in the right side and most common in men An inguinal hernia can contain a portion of the small intestine in some people and even parts of the female reproductive organs in some women.

Incisional Hernia:

This type of hernia occurs after a stomach surgery, which involves a cut down the middle of the stomach, this happens if the surgical wound takes a long time to heal, that is why the person who has had a recent surgery is most likely to get an incisional hernia, there is also a possibility of incisional hernia after a c -section delivery. But not all women who give birth through c-section get a hernia.

Epigastric Hernia:

 This condition happens in the epigastric (upper central region) area of the abdomen, which is present above the belly button and below the ribcage. If you are having this type of hernia, then you might be able to feel the pressure, pain and tenderness in the abdominal wall when you cough, bear down a bowel movement or laugh hardly

Femoral Hernia:

Femoral hernia occurs when a tissue squeezes through the weak point in the thighs or groin, these can be found as medium sized lump in the groin, most of the hernias that occur in the groin area femoral hernias, these are more common in female than men, this hernia actually occur due to the femoral artery being near a vein, this should be taken care of immediately because it could affect the blood flow to the leg.

Hiatal Hernia:

This type of hernia occurs when the stomach bulges through the weak spot present in the diaphragm, people with hiatal hernia are most likely to get acid reflux, this condition can be developed over the time, or present right from the birth, these are classified into 1V types depending on the location.

Umbilical hernia:

Umbilical hernias mostly occur in the belly button area which is also called as the umbilicus, in this type tissues of the body bulge through the area of weakness in the umbilicus portion, this causes a visible bulge around the belly button that causes pain when you strain, cough or while having a bowel movement.

How is Hernia Treated?

If we are talking about the treatment of hernia, we can see that surgical repair is the only effective way to treat a hernia, also surgery depends on the severity of hernia and it’s symptoms, wearing a truss might be helpful in some cases, a truss is nothing but a supportive undergarment that holds the hernia in the right place, but this is not be Chosen under your will, consult your doctor and check them out in the best online pharmacy, do not jump into conclusions, before consulting a doctor ever. If you are diagnosed with Hiatal hernia, some OTC medicines and prescription medications might help relieve stomach acid and can reduce discomfort antacids, H-2 receptor blockers and PPI might help with the discomfort.

How To Prevent Hernia:

You can’t always prevent hernia, because hernia can occur due to a number of reasons, but some adjustments made to our lifestyle can prevent hernia that included:

  • Try and stop smoking, quitting smoking solves half of the health issues
  • Maintain your body weight by making dietary changes
  • Whole grains, fruits, and vegetables should be included in the diet
  • Avoid spicy and tomato-based foods
  • Avoid large heavy meals
  • Don’t lie down or do any work after a meal
  • Consult a doctor to avoid persistent cough 
  • Do not strain during urination or bowel movement
  • Constipation can be avoided by eating high-fiber foods
  • Perform exercises every now and then frequently to strengthen your abdomen
  • Don’t lift heavy weights, even if you must then don’t put pressure in your waist or abdomen


A hernia is very painful and can become a complication if left untreated can lead to serious problems, if you spot a visible bulge or if you see the muscle protruding out visit the emergency room immediately, hernias should be treated immediately, do not try to treat it yourself, it is always better to visit the doctor.