Pancreatic Cysts - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

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What are pancreatic cysts?

The large organ which is approximately 6 inches, located in the abdomen in between the intestines and the stomach producing hormones such as insulin to control blood sugar and enzymes that aid in digestion is known as the Pancreas. It is usually divided into 3 main parts - head, body and tail.

The saclike structures or pockets filled with fluids developing on or in the Pancreas is called Pancreatic Cyst.

 

How serious is a Cyst on/in the Pancreas?

Most cysts occurring in the Pancreas are non cancerous, that is benign showing no symptoms at all. They are mostly discovered during image testing like a CT or MRI scan carried out for other purposes. While some of the cysts may be precancerous and can eventually develop into a Pancreatic Cancer. Hence it's important to know the type of Cyst you may be carrying.

 


 

Types of Pancreatic Cysts-

 

3MEDS, the best Anti cancer medicine supplier identifies that there are two major types of pancreatic cysts -

Inflammatory Cysts or Pseudo cysts which are benign.

 

Non Inflammatory Cysts or True cysts which have the potential to be cancerous.

Most of the Inflammatory Cysts, that is Pseudo cysts result from the inflammation of the Pancreas, known as Pancreatitis where the digestive enzymes become prematurely active. Pseudo cysts also occur due to an injury to the abdomen or alcoholism or gallstones.

True cysts like

 

SCA(Serous Cystadenomas) are benign and occur in mid-aged women.

 

MCA(Mucinous Cystadenomas) are mostly precancerous or contain cancer occurring in mid-aged women

 

IPMN(Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm) have a high chance of being or turning cancerous.There is a 40% to 60% chance of this cyst to already have turned cancerous by the time of diagnosis commonly occuring in middle-aged men.

 

Causes of the Cysts-

 

Some the common causes are-

Heavy alcohol intake

Genetic disorder

Gallstones

Abdominal injury

Prior Surgery

Trauma

 

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Symptoms of a Cyst in the Pancreas-

 

The best online pharmacy in Delhi found out that Pancreatic Cysts are mostly asymptomatic and are usually not detected unless other issues are troubling. While some of them show moderate symptoms following a Pancreatic attack-

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal bloating

Pancreatic Cysts may often lead to several complications-

  • Infection of the Cyst
  • Jaundice
  • High blood sugar
  • Rupturing of blood vessels causing hemorrhaging

 

Do Pancreatic Cysts go away?

 

Most Pancreatic Cysts which are pseudocysts caused due to Pancreatitis go away spontaneously within a few weeks on their own. But those pseudocysts that persist even after six weeks creating symptoms such as severe Abdominal pain, obstruction of the stomach, or have turned infectious need to be  immediately taken care of.

 

Treatment-

 

Pancreatic cysts are mostly not treated.

In this case often patients may be at an elevated risk for overtreatment .

For most of the people, the ideal treatment is continued supervision under an experienced physician. And for the other patients, surgery may be recommended after monitoring the cysts with an

MRI,CT scan or an endoscopic ultrasound.

 

Pancreatic Cysts usually go away on their own but if they cross the 6 weeks mark and start causing symptoms like obstacles in the stomach or bile duct, severe Abdominal pain etc, they need immediate attention by an expert physician.

The physician then will take into consideration the growth rate of the Cyst before taking a decision whether or not surgery is inevitable.

If inevitable, the cysts are then removed through a surgical approach to minimize the size of incision.

 

Conclusion-

 

It is important to note that the management of Pancreatic Cysts has been evolving at a fast pace. Researchers in this particular field have been working devotedly to identify accurate early markers of this illness .
 

Researches are being further conducted to determine the ideal surveillance plan to monitor these cysts.Meanwhile, it is important to work together with the physicians by getting the gallbladder removed in case of gallstones, by reducing our alcohol intake or by maintaining a healthy lifestyle to reach towards the best management strategy for our individual needs.

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