One of the mood disorder classified in mental health is, depression. This condition is experienced for several reasons, which may vary from person- to- person. Sign of feeling down, sad or upsetting events are normal in life, but prolonged signs of these feelings, account to depression.
The World Health Organisation (WHO), has declared depression as a common illness worldwide as it affects more than 264 million people. Although there are known effective treatments for mental disorders, nearly 76- 85% people in under low and liddle income countries receive no treatment for the disorder.
WHO’s mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) covers the problem of depression as a priority condition. Worldwide, depression victim rate has increased by 18% since 2005, and expected to spike to 20% by end of 2020. India stands at 6th place as the most depressed country.
The causes of depression can range from biological to circumstantial. Some of the common causes include:
Family history of depression or another mood disorder
Early childhood trauma
Frontal lobe of the brain is less active
Medical conditions like chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain or attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
History of drug or alcohol misuse
Certain risk factors along with the above mentioned symptoms are:
Low self- esteem or being self- critical
Personal history of mental illness
Stressful events like loss of a loved one, financial crisis, or more
Several disorders can cause depression symptoms:
Bipolar I and II disorder
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
Persistent depressive disorder
Pre- menstrual dysphoric disorder
Some common symptoms of depression are:
A depressed mood
Loss of sexual desire
Change in appetite
Reduced interest r pleasure in tasks
Slowed speech and movement
Sleeping untimely, either sleeping more or less
Restless, agitation and pacing up and own
Fatigue or low in energy
Feeling unworthy over guilt
Recurrent thought of death as a solution
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), depression is twice more common in women when compared to men. Also, women depression is unique like postpartum depression or pre- menstrual dysphoric disorder.
While, males under depression are more likely to consume excess of alcohol, display anger and engage in risk- taking. These days, some students, teenagers and children are also exposed to depression and they may fail to express.
3MEDS, the best medical shop online India, can help to provide medications that can be taken under the consultation of a healthcare provider to treat depression.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) include citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva), sertraline (Zoloft) and vilazodone (Viibryd).
Atypical antidepressants like bupropion (Wellbutrin XL), Wellbutrin SR, Aplenzin, Forfivo XL), mirtazapine (Remeron), nefazodone, trazodone and vortioxetine (Trintellix).
Tricyclic antidepressants include imipramine (Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), amitriptyline, doxepin, trimipramine (Surmontil), desipramine (Norpramin) and protriptyline (Vivactil).
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) such as tranylcypromine (Parnate), phenelzine (Nardil) and isocarboxazid (Marplan).
Certain herbal plant care can people treat depression like St. John’s wort, Ginseng, Chamomile and Lavender. Some of the non- herbal supplements that may help treat depression like S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe) and 5-hydroxytryptophan.
Few Essential Oils such as wild ginger, bergamot or rose oil can be used to limit depression effect. The herbal care or supplements must be taken only under doctor’s suggestion, as it may interfere with other illness or disease.
Therapies: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy are the main two types of psychotherapy for depression. Even brain stimulation therapies like repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be a treatment option.
Learn about the condition of depression before signing for it, as it takes time to find the right treatment method. It is preferable not to rely only on medications and seek social support too. Treatment takes time to cure depression but, keep your commitment throughout and trust the process.
Depression might pose trouble focusing even after addressing the mental condition. But, try to understand the consequences of untreated depression. Build or improve on the relationships shared with healthy boundaries. Opt for relaxation techniques or accupuncture to take the mind off from all wrong thoughts.
Nothing is impossible when a person decides to accomplish or overcome. Channelize your energy and living towards positivity and feel your life with hope.