CORONA-VIRUS: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

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The news headlines are flooded with the name coronavirus since December 2019. A name which created chaos among all age groups. From children to adults, everyone is experiencing this horrid nightmare. So let’s have a brief overview about the disease.

COVID-19 was reported as an outbreak to the World Health Organisation (WHO) on December 30 2019. On January 30 2020, WHO declared COVID-19 as an emergency. On March 11, 2020 WHO stated COVID-19 a pandemic. By this time, the virus had taken upper hand and was spreading at the speed of lightening across the globe.

Due to rapid rush of cases in 199 countries till date, it has become a threatening issue. Lack of medical equipment and personal protective equipment raised an alarming concern among the health care workers.

Covid-19 is a virus which originated in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Covid-19, when elaborated stands for coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19). Coronavirus strain is most commonly found in bats, and hence it’s assumed that the probable source of transmission of covid-19 is of zoonotic origin. It belongs to a group of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

The total number of covid-19 affected individuals all over the globe are 10.6 million, and recovered cases number in 5.48 million. Number of deaths all across the globe is 516 thousand as for now.

In India, total number of affected cases are 6 lakhs while the recovered cases are 3 lakhs. Number of deaths being 18 thousand as per current data.

Causes of coronavirus:

Covid-19 or coronavirus disease 19 is a viral disease caused by novel coronavirus, initially known as 2019- nCoV which later renamed as SARS-CoV-2 by the experts of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. COVID-19 is caused by microbe of zoonotic origin from the wet market of Hubei province of Wuhan, China in December 2019.

First case was reported on December 1 2019 among the local members of Wuhan. It is assumed to be spread from animals to human being through consumption of bats.

Covid-19 is transmitted through small droplets produced while coughing, sneezing and talking. It is primarily spread among people who are in close contact with the infected individual. These droplets gains entry into the healthy individual and cause rapid multiplication of virus.

Droplets produced fall onto inanimate bodies, which when touched by healthy individual can cause infection. Virus in droplets do not travel over long distance in air and hence it’s ruled out to be air- borne disease. It usually presents with fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath. Due to its similarity with common flu, it is essential to get tested for covid-19 to rule out other viral infection.

Covid-19 has high risk for immunocompromised individuals. Due to the lowered immunity in immunocompromised individual, body fails to fight effectively against the viral antigens. Diabetes, underlying heart diseases, thyroid disorders, kidney infections are categorised under immunocompromised individuals.

Symptoms of coronavirus:

Symptom is problem noticed by the patient after contraction of the disease. Incubation period of the virus ranges from 2 to 14 days after contraction of virus. It varies in individuals. Few may present the onset on symptom by 5th day after the contraction of virus, while few may present by 14th day.

Symptoms range from mild, moderate to severe infection. It can also be asymptomatic in few individuals which poses great challenge in identifying the affected individuals and also there in increased risk of transmission through these individuals.

Some of the common symptoms of covid-19 include:

Fever

Cough

Fatigue

Shortness of breath

Loss of taste sensation and smell

Chills

Sore throat

Body pain and aches

Headache

Runny nose

Few individuals also present with rashes, diarrhoea etc. symptoms are more pronounced in patients with underlying medical conditions i.e. heart diseases, diabetes, lung diseases.

In severe cases i.e. when complications arise, patient may present with symptoms of

Pneumonia

ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome)

Several organ failure

Opportunistic bacterial or viral infection

Blood clots

Heart related problems

Diagnosis of coronavirus:

Using a blood, saliva, or tissue sample. However, most tests use a cotton swab to retrieve a sample from the inside of your nostrils.

Treatment of Coronavirus:

There is no specific treatment available to treat the coronavirus infection till date. Due to unavailability of vaccine it’s our prime duty to follow the precautionary measures.

WHO recommends few guidelines as precautionary measure;

1. Close contact with patients suffering from acute respiratory infections must be avoided.

2. Avoid contact with face, eyes, and mouth after contact with a probably contaminated environment. Cover your face with mouth mask available at -Best healthcare service provider in India

3. Wash your hands repeatedly every 15-20 min for at least 1 min, especially after contact with infected people or their environment.

4. Avoid unguarded contact with farm or wild animals.

5. People with symptoms of acute airway infection should keep the distance, cover coughs or sneezes with disposable tissues or clothes, and wash their hands.

6. In emergency medicine departments, strict hygiene methods for the prevention and control of infection such as washing and sanitizing hands should be practiced. One can buy alcohol based hand sanitizer at -best medicine app in India

7. Individuals having low immunity should avoid public gatherings.

If you are diagnosed with mild symptoms of the disease, then follow home isolation and start your treatment. Drugs like hydroxychloroquine if prescribed by your physician, you can search online for home delivery medicine shop near me.

Therapies used for these illnesses include:

-Antiviral or retroviral medications

-Breathing support, such as mechanical ventilation

-Steroids to reduce lung swelling

-Blood plasma transfusions

Drink plenty of water and consume nutritious food. Homemade remedies of herb can be used to boost immunity.

Conclusion:

Follow precautions strictly. If you notice any symptom do not panic and immediately consult health authorities. Boost your immunity to fight the infection. Do not take stress and follow the guidelines in public. Hope we all get blessed with vaccine for this disease soon.

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