Children often are unaware of any problems they might face with their vision. And hence parents need to be vigilant enough to see if the kids have any trouble related to seeing things properly. It is found that approximately 25 % of schoolchildren have vision problems that directly affect their academic performance and social presence in schools.
And so an early skillful examination of your child's vision performed under an expert eye specialist or ophthalmologist needs to be an important part of their complete health care.
Parents should have their child's first eye examination early at an age of 6 months followed by an additional eye exam at the age of 3, and then again before entering the first grade at an age of about 6.
3MEDS, the best medicine store online in India points out the red signs that your child has vision problems and need immediate diagnosis-
Excessive rubbing of eyes may indicate that your child has been experiencing fatigue or strain in the eyes which need medical attention.
Your child complaining about frequent eye pain or headaches may be due to overexerting the eyes in an effort to increase the focus of blurred vision.
Squinting or excessive blinking may often be symptoms that your child has a refractive error which has been affecting how well his/her eyes focus on an image.
Children in school often find it difficult in adapting their visual focus to boards or computers kept a far-off distance which manifests as a lack of focus among them.
Children often bring devices too close to the eyes or lower the head a lot while reading, they may all be possible signs of poor vision.
Tilting the head and covering either of the eyes in order to adjust the angle of Vision may be an indication that there's a misalignment in the eyes or that your child has a lazy eye.
This is a common disorder since childhood when the child finds it difficult to distinguish between certain colors, often leading to color blindness.
White reflection in your baby’s eye in the light or darkroom or in photos can be if the baby has a white eye instead of a red eye. It can be a symptom of retinoblastoma which is a rare type of cancer that occurs mostly in children under the ages of five.
An already prevailing history of eye disorder in the family is a sign where the child might also carry a vision problem and hence needs early diagnosis.
Often the child might be very sensitive to excessive light, camera flash or even sunlight. They find it painful to bear the light in their eyes and have teary eyes.
Myopia- also known as nearsightedness, is the condition when the child has trouble seeing objects far away.
Hypermetropia- also known as farsightedness, is the condition when the child has trouble seeing nearby objects.
Astigmatism- is actually a refractive error and not an eye disorder where vision gets blurry.
Lazy eye or amblyopia- an inborn defect that can be cured only if detected early.
Strabismus- also known as cross-eyes is a very common eye problem in children where the eyes are misaligned.
Myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism, etc can be cured using concave/ convex lenses, contact lenses, and refractive surgeries. Medications like eye drops can help in curing the lazy eye. In severe cases, occlusion or eye patch is used. You can visit
Pupil response test- to evaluate whether the pupil closes and opens in the presence or absence of light properly.
Fixate and follow test- to determine whether or not the baby's eyes are able to follow an object such as light as it moves and also able to fixate on it.
Preferential looking test- to determine the visual acuity in kids who find a hard time in identifying pictures or letters.
LEA symbol reading test - to determine the focusing ability of kids using charts with special symbols including an apple, square, house, circle, etc.
Retinoscopy test - to determine if the child needs glasses. It is to see through which lens they can see correctly.
Color blindness test - to determine if the child can read and follow through different letters, symbols, and numbers in different colors.
Dilated fundus test - to check the retina at the back of their eye using a device in which the child places the chin and rests the forehead on a pad.