Flu in Children: How It Spreads, Causes, Symptoms

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What is Flu in children?

Influenza, commonly known as flu is a contagious viral infection affecting the air passages of the lungs. The flu differs from the normal cold in a way that the flu makes, more like a surprise visit, and makes your kid very sick all of a sudden. The flu makes a kid tired, achy, and weak and brings along diarrhea and vomiting. The flu may also lead to pneumonia.

 

How does Flu in children spread?

This viral infection spreads rapidly along with the air through coughs and sneezes. It can also spread if the child comes in contact with objects touched by the infected person's mouth or nose. Hence 3MEDS, the best medicine delivery app, suggests to maintain better hygiene and to keep children away from touching unclean surfaces. For all medicinal needs, visit the best online pharmacy in India

 

What are the Causes of Flu in children?

Flu in Children is caused by three types of flu virus-

 

INFLUENZA TYPES A & B-

These types of viruses cause widespread illnesses among people throughout the world, especially during winters. These two types of viruses bring severe illness with fatalities because these viruses mutate often and hence people are exposed to new types each year.

 

INFLUENZA TYPE C-

This type causes mild respiratory disorders with very negligible symptoms. The illness it causes isn't as severe as caused by types A and B.

 

How do you know if your child has the Flu?

 

This respiratory disease has the capability to affect the whole body. A child with flu may suddenly become ill with any or all of the following symptoms-

  •  Fever as high as 103°F.
  • Severe body and headaches.
  • Cough that keeps getting worse.
  • Sore throat and runny nose.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting. 
  • Diarrhea.

 

Who is at more risk of getting the flu?

 

A child is more prone to flu if-

  • The child is around infected people.
  • The child didn't have the flu vaccine.
  • The child doesn't maintain proper hygiene.
  • The children with underlying health conditions.

 

How to keep your child from catching the flu?

 

A number of steps can be taken to reduce the risk of catching the flu-

  • Washing hands thoroughly for 20 secs and often, especially before and after taking a meal can reduce the risk of getting the Flu.
  • Keeping your child away from sick or infected people for a few days until they are well is advised.
  • Regularly disinfecting surfaces like kitchens, bathrooms, floors, etc often touched by kids.
  • Covering the nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing with tissues and disposing of them properly can reduce the risk of catching the flu.

 

Things to do if your child has the flu?

 

The goal of flu treatment is basically to prevent or ease the symptoms. Treatment includes-

  • Acetaminophen to reduce body aches and fever.
  • Cough drops prescribed by the child specialist to ease throat pain and reduce cough.
  • Antiviral medicines to shorten the length of the flu needs to be started immediately within 2 days as the symptoms begin.

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Apart from medicines, few steps need to be taken at home in order to take care of an infected child-

  • Keep a constant check on the temperature.
  • Keep your child at complete rest until they are well.
  • Use saline drops to treat a stuffy nose.
  • Maintain a regular fluid intake of your child.

 

When do you need to visit a doctor?

 

It's important to ask for immediate medical help if -

  • the baby is less than a year old or was born prematurely.
  • the child has been in the hospital for the last 3 months
  • the child has a chronic condition such as heart disease, diabetes, lung condition, asthma, an organ transplant, or cancer.
  • the child has trouble breathing, is severely irritable, and looks unwell.
  • the child has constant vomiting or Diarrhea and doesn't seem to go away.

 

Flu VS cold:

A cold is usually a mild illness with almost no symptoms. During cold, there is mild fever, occasional headaches, and body aches whereas flu is always accompanied by high fever, severe body aches, and can lead to problems like pneumonia. A cold usually goes away after 3-4 days.

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