Aphthous Ulcers is a benign, non-contagious ulcerative inflammatory condition of the oral cavity and most common form of oral ulceration. Most commonly seen in childhood and adolescence. It is a painful condition which impairs a patient's ability to eat, drink, or speak. The condition is also known as Canker sores.
These shallow ulcers are usually round or ovoid in shape with well defined erythematous margins with a halo surrounding yellow or grey floor in the center. Aphthous ulcers vary in size and can either occur as a single ulcer or in clusters. The most commonly affected sites are soft areas of the mouth such as the tongue, labial, and buccal mucosa and inside of the lip. The Reoccurrence of these ulcers is common and each episode lasts for nine to ten days.
Major Aphthous Ulcers
A most common form of Aphthous ulcers.
Major Aphthous Ulcers
These ulcers are most uncommon and occur in later stages of life. Herpetiform ulcers are so-called because of the similarity in appearance with herpes infection with a difference that herpetiform ulcers are not caused due to herpes virus.
The exact cause of aphthous ulcers remains unknown. But it is found that immune dysfunction and family history play an important role in the development of ulcers.
Though there are certain factors that trigger the formation of ulcers namely:
1.) Due To Certain Diseases And Conditions:
2.) Due to Medications:
Other Trigger Factors:
A person can reduce the risk of reoccurrence of ulcers by following:
a) Reduce Stress
We are living a life that comes with the perks of having stress. But it depends on us how to deal with it. We should stop stressing over little things and try to handle it calmly. Daily exercising can help us focus on solutions than problems thereby reducing stress.
b) Healthy diet
It's very important to that we eat a healthy balanced diet which will keep our immune system strong and also by avoiding certain food that predisposes our oral cavity to ulcers, we can reduce the risk. Avoid food that irritates your tongue or mucosa.
c) Good oral hygiene
It is important that keep your mouth healthy and hygienic. Brush your teeth daily and rinse them with lukewarm water. Use toothpaste that doesn't contain any irritative ingredients and don't brush your teeth vigorously.
d) Avoid Medicines
Avoid certain medications that cause ulcers and consult a doctor for alternative drugs.
Ulcers usually heal by themselves and there is no treatment to cure them. Only symptomatic treatment is given for the same to reduce pain and difficulty in eating or speaking. The treatment modalities are :
Topical analgesics like benzocaine, hydrogen peroxide are to be applied topically on ulcers. They are available in the form of gels, paste.
Mouthwashes are recommended which contain steroid dexamethasone.
It is given only in severe cases, involves antibiotics like tetracycline or minocycline's are given. If Canker sores don't respond to treatment, oral steroids like Prednisolone can is prescribed by the doctor.
Topical as well as oral medication is available online from online medicine purchase app Delhi.
Cauterization of ulcers is done in extreme cases.
IN NUTSHELL, a healthy lifestyle and diet are very important to keep the diseases away. Ulcers even though it heals by themselves but it takes time and the periods becomes difficult as you can neither eat nor speak easily. So it is important to take care of your diet or lifestyle to prevent the ulcers.