What are the Symptoms and Signs of Soft Tissue Sarcoma?

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Overview of Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Cancer arising in the soft tissue and bone are known as sarcomas. The bone sarcomas are called osteosarcomas, and that of soft tissue is called soft tissue sarcoma. There are benign soft tissue tumours which may appear similar to sarcomas but are not cancerous. The term sarcoma is meant for malignant soft tissue tumours. It is a rare form of cancer which occurs anywhere in the body. The common sites are arms, legs, and abdomen. Soft tissue which connects and surrounds other structures of the body develops sarcomas like fat, nerves, blood vessels. These sarcomas are named accordingly.

In India, the incidence of soft tissue sarcomas in children is approximately 15 per 1 million infants. Overall, soft tissue sarcomas comprise less than 1% of all the cancers. Cancer shows male predilection than female. For Home delivery cancer medicines Delhi, download 3MEDS-best medicine app in India.

The signs and symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma:

Soft tissue sarcoma is described based on the cells from which they originate. There are various types of sarcomas based on different cells. Distinguishing between benign soft tissue tumours and sarcomas is very important due to their similar appearance in the early stages. Buy Generic anti-cancer medicines at low-cost Delhi. Following are the general signs and symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma:

Presence of painless lump or swelling:

The most common symptom of soft tissue sarcomas is the appearance of a lump or swelling in any part of the body. The lump is usually painless in the early stages. The pain appears only when the growth of the sarcoma impinges on the adjacent vital structures. These lumps may resemble lipomas (tumour arising from fat), angiomas (tumour arising from blood vessels), fibroma (tumour arising from fibrous tissue).

Any tumour or lump greater than 5cms in size must be consulted immediately. The sarcomas growing in deeper tissues might be quite large with no symptoms. The symptoms are elicited only when the tumour impinges on other structures. Pain is the late symptom of the sarcomas. The sarcomas of the abdomen do not produce visible symptoms except a sense of fullness or pain due to its deeper location in the abdomen.

Pain

Pain is caused when the soft tissue sarcoma is large in size, and cause compression over the nerves, blood vessels.

Bleeding

Bleeding occurs when the soft tissue sarcoma impinges on the blood vessels or the origin of the sarcoma is the blood vessel as in angiosarcoma.

Tingling, numbness of the affected area

Soft tissue sarcomas impinging on the nerves result in paraesthesia.

Oedema

Soft tissue sarcomas affecting the lymphatic system results in a collection of lymphatic fluid causing oedema to develop.

Ulceration

Soft tissue sarcomas of the skin result in damage to the skin. The open sores developed here are prone to ulcerate.

Non-specific symptoms of soft tissue sarcomas are,

· Weight loss

· Fatigue without any specific reason

· Nausea

· Vomiting

· Loss of appetite

· General malaise

Symptoms specific to a few common subtypes of soft tissue sarcoma,

Angiosarcoma: bleeding or haemorrhage from the part affected. Commonly affects the skin and is an aggressive type. In the skin, it presents as purple or bluish discolouration due to the haemorrhage.

Clear cell sarcoma: arises in tendons, which attach muscles to the bone. A common site is foot and ankle region.

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: arise in the dermis layer of skin. It appears as a deep-seated pimple, or nodule which grows slowly.

Dermatoplastic small round cell tumour: arises in the abdomen or pelvis and cause pain or feeling of a lump in the abdomen.

Epithelioid sarcoma: it grows in the soft tissue just beneath the skin like fingers, forearms, hands, and legs. Has the tendency to ulcerate.

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours: these arise in the protective sheath casing the peripheral nerves. They occur anywhere in the body forming lumps and cause pain, difficulty in movement of the affected part. Also, cause paraesthesia on impingement of the adjacent nerves.

Rhabdomyosarcoma: soft tissue sarcomas arising in the striated skeletal muscles is known as rhabdomyosarcoma. The symptoms are based on the area affected.

Outlook

The symptoms produced by soft tissue sarcomas can be produced by other conditions as well. Therefore, careful investigations are necessary to arrive at a proper diagnosis. If you notice a lump in any part of the body, keep an eye on changes in size, texture, and number. Buy prescription cancer medicines online from 3MEDS at a discounted price. Some sarcomas develop in childhood such as Ewing’s sarcoma though, it can befall at any age.