Pituitary Cancer : Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Blog Thumb

The pituitary gland which is seen is a small and bean-shaped gland that is situated at the base of the brain region along with it somewhat behind the nose and between the ears of the individual. Despite the small size of the gland, the gland is reported to influences nearly every part of the human body. The hormones which the pituitary gland produces are found to be helpful in regulating important functions such as growth, blood pressure, and reproduction in the person.

Pituitary tumors are reported to be the abnormal growths that usually develop in the pituitary gland of the individual. Some pituitary tumors are also found to result in too many of the hormones that are involved in the function of regulation of important functions of the human body. Some pituitary tumors which are seen can cause the pituitary gland of the individual to produce lower levels of hormones in its body.

Most pituitary tumors are noncancerous which is commonly termed as benign in nature growths that are adenomas. Adenomas are found to remain in the pituitary gland of the person and its surrounding tissues and it is also found that they don't spread to other parts of the human body.

It is reported that there are various options for treating pituitary tumors found which includes removing the tumor along with it controlling its growth and managing the hormone levels in the affected individual with proper and necessary medications. For medications, you may contact an anti-cancer medicine provider in Delhi.

Causes of pituitary cancer :                                                                      

It is reported that the cause of uncontrolled cell growth that occurs in the pituitary gland which creates a tumor that is forms group of cells remains unknown till now. And it is also found that a small percentage of pituitary tumor cases are reported to run in families but along with it most have no apparent hereditary factor found.

Symptoms of pituitary cancer :

  • Headaches
  • Vision problems
  •  Tiredness which can’t be explained
  • Mood changes
  • Irritability
  • Changes in menstrual cycles in case of the women
  • Erectile dysfunction is the term which describes that the inability to achieve and maintain an erection in men and is found to be caused by hormone changes in that affected male
  • Infertility which we can commonly describe as the inability to have children
  • The occurrence of inappropriate breast growth along with it production of breast milk

Also, the symptoms vary according to different hormone levels change of different hormones such as ACTH, growth hormone, prolactin-secreting tumor, thyroid hormone, etc. So the person may experience different types of hormones depending on the changes in hormone level or due to large tumors which happens due to lack of hormones.

Diagnosis of pituitary cancer :

  1. The first thing is blood tests or urine tests through which doctors can diagnose the change in hormone levels.

  2. The second thing is brain imaging, in this through the CT scan or MRI scan the doctor can observe the brain of the person and diagnose the location and size of the pituitary tumor.
  3. The third thing is vision testing, this can be done if pituitary tumors have adversely affected your vision.

Treatment of pituitary cancer :

  1. The first thing is surgery. Now here there occur various types of surgery such as endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal and transcranial approaches.

  2. The second thing is radiation therapy where there occurs the use of high energy beams to kill the cancer cells. The radiation therapy can be performed externally or internally in various ways.
  3. The third thing is medications, now in these medications are given to block the excess hormone levels in the individual. Some medications are prolactinomas, somatostatin analogs, pegvisomant, pasireotide, etc. depending on the type of pituitary cancer. For medications, you may contact the cancer medicines provider in Delhi.

Conclusion

So here were the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of pituitary cancer. The symptoms of pituitary cancer are headache, mood changes, vision problems, etc. depending on the type of pituitary cancer such as hormonal level change pituitary cancer or something else in that case you should contact your doctor regarding it. After which the diagnosis procedure can be carried out and then after the treatment can be done. So stay healthy and stay safe.