Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. Developmental changes and physical changes are all caused or we can say dependent on this extra genetic material.
Down syndrome varies in severity among individuals, some can have a lifelong intellectual disability and late developmental or delays. It's the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of growing and learning disabilities in children. It also commonly causes other medical abnormalities that we will come to know in this article.
In reproduction cases, children get genes from both parents. These genes are carried in chromosomes and here half of the chromosomes are of father and half of a mother. When the baby’s cells develop, each cell is supposed to receive 23 pairs of chromosomes, for 46 chromosomes total.
In the situation of Down syndrome, one of the chromosomes doesn’t separate properly. The baby ends up with three copies, or an extra partial copy, of chromosome 21, instead of two. This extra chromosome causes problems in brain development and physical features.
Each person facing a Down syndrome is an individual. They face intellectual and developmental problems which may vary from mild to severe. If you see you will find some people are healthy while others have significant health problems such as serious heart defects.
Down syndrome adults and children have distinct facial features. Though not all people suffering with Down syndrome have the same features, some of the more common features include:
There can be a delay in Mental and social development that the child could have:
Medical complications often accompany Down syndrome. These may include:
Getting infections frequently chances are much higher in down syndrome people.
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There’s no specific cure for Down syndrome, but there’s a wide variety of support in the form of therapies and educational programs that help both people with the condition and their families. Nationwide programs are being organized to deal with this.
Available programs start with interventions in infancy. Some offer therapy programs for qualifying families. In these programs, special education teachers and therapists will help your child learn:
Children with Down syndrome, they may learn more slowly than other children.
School is an important part of the life of any child. Schooling gives them valuable socialization and helps in learning and building some important life skills.
There are many Public and private schools that support people with Down syndrome and their families with integrated classrooms and special education opportunities. For any medical prescription purchasing assistance, you can buy from 3MEDS online chemist pharmacy which is 24x7 available.