Prostate Cancer: Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

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The most commonly diagnosed cancer that affects most of the men is Prostate cancer. The prostate cancer normally grows very slowly and hence it is not considered as dangerous. The symptoms are mostly found in the early stage and so the cancer is highly treatable. If the growth is malignant, it may sometimes be a threat to life and there is a high cause of spreading of cancer to the other organs and tissues in the body.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer occurs when the prostate cells grew in a wide range. Firstly, the prostate is a small gland in the shape of walnut which surrounds the male reproductive organ urethra from the bladder to the exit. The prostate produces the liquid in the sperm that helps in protection of the transport of sperm called seminal fluid. Prostate cancer consists of the cells that arise from glandular tissue. Cancer mostly metastasizes to the bones and the lymph nodes in the pelvis. It first affects the prostate gland and then continuously spread to the seminal vesicles and then to the other parts of the surrounding. Smoking which is also a factor of enlargement of the prostate is considered as a cause of Prostate inflammation.

Causes of Prostate cancer:

The primary cause that would exactly form prostate cancer is not yet confirmed. But many factors result in the development of cancer such as ageing, obesity and heredity of the disease. The prostate causes are mainly due to the defects in the gene cells since genes are inherited and thus the changes in the genes also inherit and increase the probability of the cancer cell growth. It mostly affects the men of age above 50 and chances increases with the ageing. If close people of the family are affected by prostate or breast cancer, the chances are high to affect. Men with obesity are tougher to treatment for prostate cancer and also it is reported that men who intake excess amount of red meat and dairy products are prone to prostate cancer.

Symptoms of Prostate cancer:

The prostate cancer symptoms are

*Blood discharge in the urine or semen while excretion or ejaculation

*Burning sensation while urination 

*Partial erection of reproductive organ or Weak erection

*Frequent urination than usual and loss of control over urination

*Difficulty while running and sitting for a long time

*Muscle aches and back pain

*Bone pain in the hips and thighs and even bone fracture

*Abnormal weight Loss

*Tiredness in daily routine

*Swelling in the legs and thighs

Seek immediate medical assistance from the doctor and get medicine from best anti-cancer medicine provider.

Treatment:

Treatment of prostate cancer depends on the stage of prostate cancer and whether it has reached the metastasis stage. Four stages are classified based on the growth of the cancer cells, they are

Stage 1:The cancer has not spread outside of the prostate and it is non-detectable by an imaging test.

Stage 2: Cancer still has not spread outside the prostate and it may be detected through a physical examination of the prostate gland.

Stage 3:The cancer has an outside growth of the prostate to the seminal vesicles.

Stage 4:This is the last stage of the prostate cancer and the tumour has spread to other parts of the body even lungs, bones and lymph nodes.

The laboratory tests such as digital prostate exam(DRA) and prostate-specific antigen test(PSA) are carried out and the family history of the individual is also collected for the gene defects in the DNA of the gene cells. The prostate cancer has a high survival rate in most of the cases unless it reaches the metastasis stage of the cancer cells. There are several treatments based on the stages of prostate cancer:

Hormone Therapy:

 The therapy provides the proper medications to cease the production of the male hormone testosterone. Preventing the supply of the testosterone reduce the growth of the cancer cells and even to death. Complex medications such as histrelin, leuprolide, abiraterone and triptorelin drugs are used to block testosterone from reaching the cancer cells. These are available in medical store home delivery as the affected person is maximum above 50 years.

Radiation therapy:

From outside the body, X rays are directed towards the cancer growth in the prostate tissues which provides high-level energy to kill the cancer cells. Brachytherapy is another method of radiotherapy which involves placing radioactive seeds in size of rice seeds in the prostate tissue and it reduces the growth of the cancer cells and after some time, the seeds stop emitting radiation till the cancer cells growth is prevented.

Surgery:

Surgery is undergone for the critical stages of the prostate cancer based on the age, health and type of body. Radical prostatectomy is performed by removing a part of the total prostate through an incision in the lower abdomen. It consists of risks such as loss of urinary control and erectile dysfunction.

Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy involves the usage of drugs to kill the cancer cells and it is done when hormone therapy does not produce proper results. The drug may be supplied through pill form or a vein the arm. Similar to that, biological therapy is also used to treat advanced cancer growth that uses the body’s immune cells to fight cancer cells.

Conclusion:

As we see, prostate cancer has a high survival rate and also common among the men, we have to be careful and provide importance to our food habits and health wellness. Be informed about the family history of cancer if any. Consult the doctor if you found anyone symptom of the prostate cancer and it can be cured in an earlier stage through proper medications. Proper nutrition and dietary regulations are to be followed as a precaution of prostate cancer